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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)D – Danger

Check for danger – to self, others and the injured person. You can’t help someone else if you hurt yourself. Move an injured person only if it’s absolutely necessary to get them away from danger.

R – Response

Check for any physical response – is the person conscious? Squeeze the person’s shoulders and ask for their name. If they respond and are conscious, check for other injuries.

A– Airway

If the injured person doesn’t respond, look in their mouth – is the airway clear of foreign material? If not foreign materials are present, leave the injured person on their back and open the airway by placing one hand high on the injured person’s forehead and supporting the chin with the other hand. Gently tilt the head backwards, lift the chin and open the injured person’s mouth.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)B – Breathing

Check for breathing. Look, listen and feel for breathing by searching for chest movements, or by placing your head close to the injured person’s mouth and listening for the sound of breathing or feel for their breath on your cheek.

If breathing is apparent, lay the injured person on their side in the recovery position, call 000 for an ambulance and regularly check the person for signs of life

Risk Assessment FAQIf they are not breathing, ask someone to call 000. Open the airway by tilting the head backwards,

Risk Assessment FAQPinch the soft part of the nose closed. Lift the chin and hold the person’s mouth open.

Take a breath and blow steadily into the mouth – watch for their chest to rise. Repeat twice.


Check the injured person for signs of life. Is the injured person breathing, responding or moving? If there are no signs of life, start CPR.

Risk Assessment FAQIf the person if an adult, or a child older than 1 year old, place the heel of your hand over the lower half of the breastbone in the centre of the chest, with the other hand on top of the first.

If the injured person is an infant (1 year old or younger), place two fingers (index and middle finger) over the lower half of the breastbone. Press down 1/3 of the depth of the chest.

Give 30 compressions and two breaths (30:2) to the injured person. You should complete five sets of CPR (five sets of 30:2) in about two minutes. Continue CPR until the ambulance arrives.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)D – Defibrillator

If a defibrillator is available, apply it and follow the voice prompts.

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